JULY: RE-EVALUATING YOUR YEAR

EDUCATION IN NIGERIA;

THE CONTINUOUS DECADENCE OF THE NIGERIAN EDUCATIONAL SECTOR

DEFINITION OF EDUCATION

Education according to the Oxford dictionary can simply be defined as the system of training and instruction designed to give knowledge and develop skills. It is a major tool for national socio-economic development and for individuals’ socio-economic empowerment and poverty reduction (Omonkalo, 2014). It is the acquisition of not only knowledge but societal rules and regulations (Adeyemo, 2009). It is a key development index and plays complementary role for overall individual, social and national development (Clignet and Foster, 1964). From whichever point of view the topic of education is viewed, it can be seen that it provides for an individual to develop and gain special skills while contributing the growth of the society.

 

Over the years, the meaning of education has been lost in the sands of time. Early in the American history, when slavery was still very much in circulation, it was a law that no slave should know how to read and write. A slave who knew had to read or write or could do both had to fear for his very life. Education then meant liberation; liberation from ignorance, liberation from inferiority complex, and liberation from slavery. The form of education given then was of great value that just finishing from the primary school alone was worth getting a good job and a good pay, not because there were few educated people but because the level of education given then was eloquent.

They didn’t just teach the students to get out of school and find a good stable job. Earn big money, sit down and enjoy life. No; they imparted upon them the tools of liberation, wisdom to grow from their lowly state and the knowledge of the things around them. They taught them how to live in life and how to learn more from life. They taught them how to pass their findings and their acquired knowledge to the ones coming after them so they have a legacy. The quality of education then, taught the students about their origins and the values of the society and the worth of their assessments was standard. By standard I mean, world class standard because, a child who passed averagely then is sure to be a genius in our age today.

Dr. Benjamin Carson illustrated this when he had a breakfast talk in 2016 with the then President of the United States of America, Barrack Obama. He spoke on the alarming drop and still dropping rate and quality of education in the States and how the standards of examination to test the students have dropped drastically. Looking back at the last century and the one before; in the 1900’s and 1800’s, he was able to get a sample of the questions used them to test an high school student before promotion to college and he compared it with the questions asked now. The comparison was nothing to write home about. He stated that even if some of the questions asked in the former years to graduate to college were asked some university students in this century, they might fail the question.

 

This should point out that indeed the level of education has deteriorated since the last centuries, and it still is. But what can we say; if the United States educational system has gone down this low, how much more the educational standard of the African race. First and foremost, we never really had access to a good education and the one which we do get, we are fortunate to have. And now that the education system has dropped, one can’t help but wonder what the future holds for the younger generation.

 

Education plays an important role in any individual’s development and the national development as a whole. Education however needs financing to be able to bring about the required developments. In spite of the importance of education in national development, education has not been enjoying commensurate financing in Nigeria. Over the years, trends show how the budgetary provision (the only source of funding to education within the country) has been fluctuating and presently decreasing drastically. This trend even falls short of the recommendation of the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) that every developing nation should allocate at least 26% of her GDP to the education sector. Presently, Nigeria has a budget of 7% of her GDP allocated for education.

When we compare the responsibility of the government towards the educational sector before independence and after independence, we see that there isn’t much difference in what the colonial masters did and what the past and present administrations are doing. The Pre-Independence educational era was the period before Nigeria’s independence starting from when the Westerners first introduced education to Nigeria (1842) to just before Nigeria gained independence (1959). The Post-Independence Educational era was the period after the independence of Nigeria from her colonial masters (1960 – present).

Grants to Primary Education in Western Region of Nigeria (1955 – 1960)

Year Total Expenditure

($)

Expenditure on Education Expenditure on Education as % of Total Expenditure
1925 6,509,244 116,301 1.8
1929 6,045,621 263,457 4.3
1933 6,898,816 237,732 3.3
1936 6,585,458 231,983 3.5
1939 6,576,835 282,820 4.3
1951/52 49,131,000 8,325,000 16.9

(Source: Central Bank of Nigeria (2013), Statistical Bulletin & Information from www.nigeria.gov.com)

After independence, the position of the education sector in budgetary allocation and the budget allocated to it dropped gradually. By, the time the military took over, they dealt a great blow on various sectors including the education sector leading to frequent labour strikes.

Federal Government Budgetary Allocation to Education in Nigeria (1960 – 2015)

Year Allocation as % of Total Budget Year Allocation as % of Total Budget Year Allocation as % of Total Budget
1960 6.02 1979 3.70 1998 10.27
1961 6.15 1980 4.95 1999 11.12
1962 5.19 1981 6.45 2000 8.36
1963 3.45 1982 8.09 2001 7.00
1964 3.65 1983 4.04 2002 5.90
1965 3.57 1984 4.49 2003 1.83
1966 4.23 1985 3.79 2004 10.50
1967 4.88 1986 2.69 2005 9.30
1968 2.84 1987 1.93 2006 11.00
1969 2.20 1988 2.40 2007 8.09
1970 0.69 1989 3.55 2008 13.00
1971 0.53 1990 2.83 2009 6.45
1972 0.62 1991 1.09 2010 6.40
1973 0.88 1992 3.86 2011 1.69
1974 2.96 1993 5.62 2012 10.00
1975 4.57 1994 7.13 2013 8.70
1976 8.71 1995 7.20 2014 10.60
1977 3.12 1996 12.33 2015 9.5
1978 11.44 1997 17.59

(Source: Central Bank of Nigeria (2013), Statistical Bulletin & Information from www.nigeria.gov.com)

 

FACTS; NIGERIAN EDUCATION

Pre-Independence (1842 – 1959)

1842 – 1871: Education was introduced to Nigeria in 1842 by the Christian missionaries as a means of converting the natives. The Mission solely funded the education it provided for the natives without any help from the colonial government. Up until 1952, the Mission and voluntary agencies funded the education mostly.

1872: The British government took interest in the education provided to the natives and funded the Mission with $1000 later reduced to $330 and further to $30. The money was shared equally among all the Mission schools that operated in Lagos then (Wesleyan Mission, Roman Catholic Mission, Church Mission).

1873: $300 was allocated for the funding of education to be shared among the Mission schools. The money was never paid.

1874 – 1876: $300 was released to the Mission schools yearly.

1882: The British government took more interest in the education sector and focused a lot more on its funding.

1887: The government increased the yearly fund from $300 to $600.

1926: The emergence of the Education Ordinance laid the foundation for Nigeria’s Education System

Post-Independence

1962 – 1966: The First National Development Plan; Education accounted for 10% of the total public sector investment and ranked fifth in the sectorial allocation.

1970 – 1974: The Second National Development Plan; Education accounted for 13.5% of the total planned public sector investment. Because much attention was on reconciliation, reconstruction, and rehabilitation after the Civil war, the financial allocation to education had little impact as enrolment at education level had doubled.

1975 – 1980: The Third National Development Plan; Education accounted for 7.5% of the National Capital Expenditure. The position of education sector allocation dropped to fifty.

1981 – 1985: The Fourth National Development Plan; Education had an increased in allocated funds which rose to 17.3% of the National Capital Expenditure.

 

 

7% of the national GDP was allocated to education in 2018. When compared with other African states, the percentage is one of the lowest coming from a nation described as the Giant of Africa.

45% of Nigerians population is of the age 15 years and below. 40% of the total population is between the ages 6 – 11years and do not attend any school. Girls from the Northern region comprising of the larger part of the 40%. The estimation amounts to about 4.7 million children eligible for primary education but are not enrolled in any.

Because of the large number of students against the thin budget allocated to education, the quality of education is dropping exponentially.

 

Reference: Matthew I.A. (2016). “Financial Allocation to Education: Trends, Issues, and Ways Forward in Nigeria”. Journal Plus Education, ISSN: 1842-077X, E-ISSN (online) 2068-1151, Vol. XIV, No. 1, pp.227-245.

Central Bank of Nigeria (2015). “Statistical Bulletin and Information”. Abuja Nigeria: Central Bank of Nigeria.

World Bank (2012). “World Bank selected 20 countries annual budgetary allocation to education.” Washington DC: The World Bank.

WELCOME TO JUNE SHOWERS

THE GRADUAL DEMISE OF EDUCATION IN NIGERIA.


To paraphrase Hannah Arendt, education is an indispensable means by which children are properly introduced to a complex, multifarious world, the teaching profession is the formalized vehicle by which this introduction is done in a standardized, measurable fashion. Within the context of a civil, organized society, therefore, teachers represent the hope for the continuity of a nation, tasked with making sure that the younger generation is able to cope with the world it will inherit.

Where teachers are not taken care of and properly trained, then, the direct implication is that the very continuity of that social space is threatened. In Nigeria, disdain for the teaching profession has almost become a norm. Teaching is now what people do in order to not just sit at home.

Teachers have to make do with poor remuneration, poor welfare, and poor self-esteem, so much so that even in popular songs, the fate of the teacher is revealed as being an ineligible bachelor, not deserving to marry from the best of families. Worse of all, teachers themselves seem to have accepted, indeed embraced, this scornful treatment. “I am a teacher” has become a most potent incantation for the shirking of (financial) responsibilities.

This situation calls for urgent action, because the threat of discontinuation is even more terrifying for Nigeria. The misplacement of priorities, the veneration of mediocrity, has pushed the country to the edge of a precipice. Something must now be done or, in the future, pundits will be trying to understand how Nigeria became, to use the words of Wole Soyinka, “at best, yet another failed state, (and) at worst, an overcrowded necropolis where the hope of the future lies interred in unmarked graves.” (Opinion, From: The Guardian, May 31, 2018).

VOLUNTEERS NEEDED TO SUPPORT THE FOUNDATION ON OUTINGS
We heartily welcome our recent volunteers and wish them a wonderful time with us.The foundation is always open to volunteers to assist in various locations as we continue to spread the outreach and assist children across the country.

If you are interested in volunteering at the Foundation please contact Fademi Ekundayo at fademiekundayo@gmail.com or support@thefademijacobsonfoundation.com

T H E  F A D E M I  J A C O B S O N  F O U N D A T I O N
WE’RE LOOKING FOR FRESH IDEAS: Do you have a suggestion for a terrific fundraiser? Do you have ideas about making some of our existing fundraisers even more successful? We want to hear from you! The FJF is looking to shake things up a bit over the next year and we’re looking for your ideas to help guide us. Contact one of our Co-Chairs at fademiekundayo@gmail.com
or support@thefademijacobsonfoundation.com if you have something to share.

Thank you!

FOR FINANCIAL SUPPORT

Bank: DIAMOND BANK

Account Name: THE FADEMI JACOBSON FOUNDATION

Account Number: 0091398825

Swift Code: DBLNNGLA

Oluwasanmi Fademi for THE FADEMIJACOBSON FOUNDATION
The Fademi Jacobson Foundation is all about helping children and helping them achieve their greatest desires and living to their full potentials.

MAY: IT’S THE CHILDREN’S MONTH  

VOLUNTEERS NEEDED TO SUPPORT THE FOUNDATION ON OUTINGS

The FJF will be sponsoring selected orphanages and correctional facilities within the year and we are in need of volunteers to help out at the various locations with the program schedule (the schedules will be made available soonest). We are in need of volunteers for setting up and clean up, ushering, etc. If you can volunteer please contact Fademi Ekundayo at fademiekundayo@gmail.com or support@thefademijacobsonfoundation.com

    MAY NEWS LETTER

    THE FADEMI JACOBSON FOUNDATION

IT’S THE CHILDREN’S MONTH  

The larger part of kids eligible for their final exams in most public high schools lack the adequate funding necessary to get themselves enrolled for the exams.

The Fademi Jacobson Foundation eagerly welcome every friend and supporter of the organization since its inception. We will also like to tender our unreserved apologies again for the prolonged silence from the organization for the past few months, this is due to pertinent reasons deemed fit by the organization’s team members and founding mentors. The organization is back to fully operational status and we will like to thank everyone supporting us till date.

The organization’s direction since its inception has been to support orphaned children, kids in remand homes and correctional facilities, abandoned children and destitute across the country. In 2017, the organization achieved tremendous success in this regard. The organization was able to complete donations to the Remand Homes and Home for abandoned children in Ondo State and Osun State. The organization was also able to make a visit to the camp for the Internally Displaced People in Abuja and Kaduna. These visits were no means individual efforts from the team members of the foundation, but a collective effort from everyone involved with the foundation. We sincerely appreciate the massive donations in different forms to the foundation, and we are truly grateful.

Our travels last year revealed the ugly situations in a lot of public high schools which we find very disheartening. The larger part of kids eligible for their final exams in most public high schools lack the adequate funding necessary to get themselves enrolled for the exams. At the foundation, we believe education is an important bedrock to the development of our great nation and continent. We believe every child deserve every right to be educated and given a chance to go after their dreams. This major concern affected the decision of the foundation to restructure its operations for the calendar year of 2018. We have thus decided to prioritize supporting kids in high schools to give them a chance to progress to a higher institution.

This year, the foundation is focusing on paying examination fees of as much as it can afford for kids in public high schools as its number one priority. While we will be focusing on examination fees for these kids, all our other humanitarian objectives still stand valid. We will be working around the clock to achieve these objectives to make this country and continent a better place. We will of course appreciate all forms of donations and volunteers to this noble cause.

We can thank everyone enough for their continued support and we hope everyone will once again continue to support the foundation to enable us achieve our objectives. Thank you all and God bless you all.

We’re looking for Fresh Ideas

Do you have a suggestion for a terrific fundraiser? Do you have ideas about making some of our existing fundraisers even more successful? We want to hear from you!

The FJF is looking to shake things up a bit over the next year and we’re looking for your ideas to help guide us.

Contact one of our Co-Chairs at fademiekundayo@gmail.com or support@thefademijacobsonfoundation.com if you have something to share.

Thank you!

The Fademi Jacobson Foundation is all about helping children and helping them achieve their greatest desires and living to their full potentials.

SUNSHINE APRIL

Ref: FJF/Apr/001

Dear friends,

WELCOME TO A NEW QUARTER

The Fademi Jacobson Foundation eagerly welcome every friend and supporter of the organization since its inception. We will also like to tender our unreserved apologies for the prolonged silence from the organization for the past few months, this is due to pertinent reasons deemed fit by the organization’s team members and founding mentors. The organization is back to fully operational status and we will like to thank everyone supporting us till date.

The organization’s direction since its inception has been to support orphaned children, kids in remand homes and correctional facilities, abandoned children and destitute across the country. In 2017, the organization achieved tremendous success in this regard. The organization was able to complete donations to the Remand Homes and Home for abandoned children in Ondo State and Osun State. The organization was also able to make a visit to the camp for the Internally Displaced People in Abuja and Kaduna. These visits were no means individual efforts from the team members of the foundation, but a collective effort from everyone involved with the foundation. We sincerely appreciate the massive donations in different forms to the foundation, and we are truly grateful.

Our travels last year revealed the ugly situations in a lot of public high schools which we find very disheartening. The larger part of kids eligible for their final exams in most public high schools lack the adequate funding necessary to get themselves enrolled for the exams. At the foundation, we believe education is an important bedrock to the development of our great nation and continent. We believe every child deserve every right to be educated and given a chance to go after their dreams. This major concern affected the decision of the foundation to restructure its operations for the calendar year of 2018. We have thus decided to prioritize supporting kids in high schools to give them a chance to progress to a higher institution.

This year, the foundation is focusing on paying examination fees of as much as it can afford for kids in public high schools as its number one priority. While we will be focusing on examination fees for these kids, all our other humanitarian objectives still stand valid. We will be working around the clock to achieve these objectives to make this country and continent a better place. We will of course appreciate all forms of donations and volunteers to this noble cause.

We can thank everyone enough for their continued support and we hope everyone will once again continue to support the foundation to enable us achieve our objectives. Thank you all and God bless you all.

Yours faithfully,                                                                                 Yours faithfully, 

Olupona Olusegun                                                                            Oluwasanmi Fademi

Public Relations Officer                                                                                   Team Lead

 

VISIT TO CHILDREN’S CORRECTIONAL FACILITY, OSOGBO, OSUN STATE, NIGERIA.

Osogbo Visit 1
Foundation members with the some of the items donated to the Remand Home
Osogbo Visit 2
Foundation members with the some of the items donated to the Remand Home
Osogbo Visit 3
Foundation members with guardians of the children in the Remand Home
Osogbo Visit 4
Foundation members with guardians of the children in the Remand Home
Osogbo Visit 5
Foundation members with guardians of the children in the Remand Home

SUPPORTING THE CHILDREN IN AFRICA: A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN CHILDREN (PART 2)

CHILD RIGHTS LAW IN NIGERIA

A quick look at some of the salient Child’s right acts that I believe every parent, guardian and child should be educated with in the society are detailed below;

  1. The best interest of a child is to be of paramount consideration in all actions. This is an act that our society constantly denies our children. We are wont to see parents and guardians taking decisions for their children and wards only to actualize their selfish interests. This is utterly wrong and should be frowned upon and discouraged when it is observed in any set up.
  2. A child should be given protection and care necessary for his well-being. The reverse is the case in our society. Our streets are flooded with child-hawkers patrolling the busy highways, chasing after cars, constantly endangering their lives and finding themselves in susceptible places that could result in their kidnapping, rape, or their death. Violation of this act should be treated as a federal crime punishable with a required amount of jail time.
  3. A child has the right to survival and development. Every child has a legitimate right to be allowed to develop and survive the harsh conditions that might surround them. It is the responsibility of the parents and guardians to ensure their children and wards are given all the required resources that will see to their survival and development.
  4. A child has a right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. Every child has their exclusive right to choose their religion, their cognitive response to situations, and the decisions that make them happy. The custom in this part of world has seen kids being disowned by parents for switching faiths and responding to situations in ways that is different from the response their parents would probably have responded with. The initiatives of these kids are crushed from a very early stage and it’s no wonder we have more seniors (between ages 65 and above) as leaders and parliamentary members of African nations as compared to other continents.
  5. A child has the right to a private and family life. This is a malaise that cuts across the global community with celebrities turning every bit of their life to a reality TV show and invading the privacies of their kids along with it.
  6. A child has the right to freedom of movement. Kids in this part of world are used to being grounded in their homes even before they know what being grounded means. These kids eventually lack the confidence to explore and take advantage of their environments. Parents and guardians excessive grounding of children and denying them their freedom to move most often than not usually results in negative outcomes for the kids.
  7. A child has the right to freedom from discrimination. This is a challenge usually experienced in societies of different races. Discrimination, hate and bigotry are foreign to human nature. These are evil qualities that are taught to children which they play out as they grow older.
  8. A child has the right to Parental care, protection and maintenance. Every child has the right to a parent or a guardian to serve as a role model and protector to the child.
  9. A child has the right to leisure, recreation and cultural activities. As earlier stated, every child deserves and have the right to be allowed to grow up as one. They are to grow up having ample time to play and involve themselves in any other form of recreational activities they find desirable.
  10. A child has the right to health and healing services. Every child has the right to be afforded good medical services and to be subjected to good and healthy living standards. The latter is a big issue in the country as a lot of parents and guardians themselves don’t know what constitutes a healthy living.

These are a few of the important rights children have under the federal laws of Nigeria, which are backed up UNICEF and WHO. Other rights includes the under listed, but not limited to it.

  1. The right to dignity of the child.
  2. The right of a child to free, compulsory and universal primary education.
  3. The right of a child in need of special protection measure.
  4. The right of the unborn child to protection against harm.
  5. The parents or guardians are to provide guidance with respect to a child’s responsibilities.
  6. Prohibition of CHILD MARRIAGE and CHILD BETHROTHAL.
  7. Punishment for CHILD MARRIAGE and CHILD BETHROTHAL.
  8. Prohibition of tattoos and skin marks.
  9. Exposure to use, production and trafficking of narcotic drugs, etc.
  10. Prohibition of the use of children in criminal activities.
  11. Abduction, removal, and transfer of a child from a lawful custody.
  12. Prohibition of exploitative labor, buying, selling, hiring or otherwise dealing with children for the purpose of hawking, prostitution or begging for alms.
  13. Prohibition of unlawful sexual intercourse with a child, and other forms of sexual abuse and exploitation of a child.
  14. Prohibition of recruitment of children into the armed forces.
  15. Prohibition of importation of harmful publications for children.
  16. Refuge for children of risk, orphans and destitute.

 

SUPPORTING THE CHILDREN IN AFRICA: A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIAN CHILDREN (PART 1)

A leisurely drive through the mega-city of Lagos reveals one thing clearly, the city is blessed with numerous Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises. A very interesting fact about the mega-city of Lagos that any country will be proud of. It therefore comes as no surprise that the mega-city of Lagos boasts one of the largest economies in Africa. The population of the city stands at an approximate of eighteen million people while the internal revenue generated by the city of Lagos stands at an estimated One hundred billion dollars per year and a per capita income of about four thousand and five hundred dollars. The city has the fifth biggest economy in Africa and if it were to be a country, it would be among the top ten countries with the highest economy in Africa and would also be in the top five countries with the biggest population in Africa.

The city boasts of a very enterprising environment, is often dubbed the city that never sleeps. Anywhere you go as you go through the city, there’s always an enterprising individual pushing his merchandise to you with pleading eyes begging for a minute of your attention and a fraction of the few naira you are carrying in your wallet. It is an enterprising attitude you can’t help but admire has these individuals courageously chase after moving vehicles in a bid to sell some of their products.

Sadly, a large number of these individuals mentioned are usually in their early teens and below. It now begs one to wonder why these kids are not in their schools. The population of the kids hawking on the streets of Lagos multiplies by the end of the school hours which simply infers the bulk of these children are tasked with hawking and being an adult before they are mentally ready. This malaise is what the enterprising Micro, Small and Medium businesses in Lagos have continually leveraged on to ensure a going concern for their businesses and to ensure their balance sheet at the end of the fiscal year stays green rather than red.

This development is saddening because people always complain about the ripple effects of this malaise but they don’t seem to find anything wrong with the founding cause of the malaise. These children are denied an opportunity to learn to grow and experience childhood. They are tasked with the responsibility of being an adult long before they are mentally ready for the challenge. A large number of them starts believing if they are ready to forgo their childhood , then they are ready to start living like adults, hence we see a lot of urchins, single teenage mothers, and a lot of young boys and girls just basically living like destitute, getting involved in drugs, prostitution, robbery and other types of disparaging behaviors. This ugly trends seems to be on the increase in the light of harsh economic realities of the country, as parents and guardians of these dependents and minors will rather concern themselves with where their next income will come from rather than the impact of denying their young child the experience of being a child.

The country adopted THE CHILD’S RIGHTS ACTS in 2003 and not until 2015 before the first state in the country attempted to implement it in the state. The remaining thirty five states have conveniently ignored these acts, while the only one to implement it have failed woefully in it the implementation of the acts. The horrendous acts against children in the great city of Lagos replicates across all the states in the country, and worse acts are being perpetrated against the girls especially in the northern part of the country. A lot of the young girls are forcefully married off to men old enough to be their grand-parents. A barbaric culture to say the least, which has been fully grounded on the tenets of religion. A campaign (#ChildNotBride) in the country is seeking to actively stop this sort of marriage in the country. This campaign is a welcome development for the female children in the country, but we also need to wake up to the facts that our children are not traders, hawkers or laborers. They are CHILDREN and should be allowed the opportunity to grow up as one.